What is pH and exactly how does it affect my vagina?

pH stands for ‘potential of Hydrogen’. The pH value of a substance is a measure of how acidic or alkaline it is. On the pH scale of 1 to 14, 1 is the most acidic, 14 is the most alkaline and 7 is neutral.

The vagina is the most sensitive part of the female body. A healthy vagina has a normal, acidic pH of between 3.5 to 4.5. The pH of the vulvovaginal region, the area around the vagina, is between 4.5-5.5. This pH level is ideal for the survival of good bacteria (Lactobacilli). Lactobacillus keeps the pH normal, preventing an overgrowth of bacteria and yeast. A change from the normal pH makes the genital area susceptible to infection.

Before menarche begins and after menopause, a healthy vaginal pH tends to be higher than 4.5.

Tips to maintain a healthy vaginal pH

Use GynoVashTM

With a pH of 3.5*, the
all-natural intimate hygiene wash helps to maintain the optimum acidic environment of your vagina. It also refreshes and moisturises.

Don’t douche

Some women wash out
their vagina with a mixture of water and vinegar, baking soda, or iodine. Douching increases the vaginal pH level and promotes the growth of harmful bacteria.

During your period, change regularly

Menstrual blood is alkaline. That blood flows through the vagina. It is absorbed into a tampon or pad and sits in place, raising the pH level.

Use a condom

It will prevent alkaline
semen from disrupting your vaginal pH levels.

Consume prebiotics

Foods like garlic, onion, bananas, leek, artichoke and asparagus help to restore the balance of healthy bacteria in your body. Or, simply pop Somavit® capsules! Somavit® is a natural prebiotic and immunomodulator.

Eat yogurt

It is a rich source of Lactobacillus, the good bacteria.

Visit your gynecologist

Mark your calendar for
regular check-ups.

*pH 3.5 is an approximate value.

Continue your V.I.Q boost!

Know how V-infections are induced.

Vagina Infections

Vaginal infections like Bacterial Vaginosis and Trichomoniasis occur when the vaginal pH value is above normal, i.e. alkaline. On the other hand, an unusually acidic pH value reduces your fertility – sperm thrive in an alkaline environment of between 7.0 and 8.5. Highly acidic pH levels may also be a symptom of Vulvovaginal Candidiasis.

What are the most common vaginal infections?

  • Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)

    Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)

    One of the most common vaginal infections, BV occurs when bad bacteria outnumbers the good. Microscopically examining a sample of infected vaginal fluid will show decreased acidity and an absence of lactobacilli (good bacteria).

    Know more
  • Vaginal yeast infections: Vulvovaginal Candidiasis

    Vaginal yeast infections: Vulvovaginal Candidiasis

    After BV, Vulvovaginal Candidiasis is the second most common cause of vaginal inflammation, with 70% of women being infected atleast once in their life.

    Know more
  • Trichomoniasis


    Also called ‘trich’, Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease that occurs more in women than in men.

    Know more

Prevent vaginal infection by:

  • Keeping the vagina clean
  • Maintaining cleanliness during menstruation; changing pads frequently
  • Always wiping from front to back
  • Avoiding recurrent douching
  • Avoiding synthetic underwear; always using loose cotton underwear
  • Avoiding a poor diet and stressful situations to reduce chances of getting infected

If you have a vaginal infection:

  • Avoid scratching the infected area
  • Avoid using tampons during the course of the infection
  • Avoid using of perfumed soaps, body washes, powders or lotions that can irritate the vagina
  • Avoid sexual intercourse while on medication or till the symptoms disappear
  • Avoid the use of petroleum jelly or other oils for lubrication
  • Avoid using towels that have been used by the infected person
  • Avoid multiple sexual partners
  • Adopt hygienic practices before and after sexual intercourse
  • Go for regular check-ups for early detection of the condition both in yourself, and your partner
  • Ensure that both you and your partner are seeking treatment